After some more philosophical contemplation on my understanding and beliefs of the universe (which I like to add to regularly), I have come to an interesting conclusion on the workings of the universe. I thought a bit about atheism vs. theism and the existence of a creating (or at least influential)entity, and I realized that there is no logical reason to believe that a god does not exist.
Firstly, there is the logical contradiction of omnipotence that many people point out, which is the question of whether or not a god would be able to create a boulder so large that even he himself couldn't lift it. Obviously this one would be irrelevant in the case of an omnipotent, omnipresent being, because such a being could manifest itself in any form with any strength. Therefore, it could very simply create any boulder and manifest itself as a being which does not have enough strength to lift it. If it counts as still possible, because the god could change the strength of its given manifestation, as well as the gravity controling the rock, the question is still irrelevant because any form that the being could possess would only be a lifeless puppet conjured and controlled by the deity, not an autonomous creature in itself. A boulder cannot be compared to the strength of a possible omnipotent entity, because said entity has no physical strength.
There's also the argument of evolution being a direct disproof of a creator. This can't be rationally disproven, there's more than enough evidence to know this, but that does not mean it conflicts with the existence of a god. Natural selection could be intentional; certain organisms could be designed to fail, so the species could adapt, in a way that fits the logic that exists within the universe. And evolution would exist because either parts of the universe would be left alone (or made to seem like it is), which would make some parts change, and the species must change with that, and with the evolution of other species.
I could think of more points to argue here, but this is meant to be more of a discussion than anything. What are your thoughts? I know we have both theists and atheists here (as well as agnostics, I believe), so let's see what happens in the comments.
(Also, I am not commiting to the idea of logical theism; I am simply interested in how this discussion will turn out. Don't pay attention to these questions if you would rather focus on the larger issue of theism vs. atheism. Another note is that I am not an expert on philosophy. These are simply the most recent conclusions I've come to on my own thinking. I know some people here are more educated on the issue, and have read many books on the philosphy of atheism, so don't take this as what I believe to be the truth.)
I'll go ahead and throw out some hypothetical questions you could start with, if you want, asside from, of course, the question of whether or not theism is logically possible. I'm going to ignore the idea or solipsism here.
Would a god have to follow the logic it created? Did it create the logic and ban himself from ever breaking it?
Would it have to, or be uncontrollably compelled to, constantly control everything that exists, or could it let things go to work by themselves?
Assuming the muliple universe theory is true, would this being have power over other universes, or would its power be confined to this one? (This is sort of an extention of the second question.) If it isn't fully omnipotent, would it still be considered a god, or just a very strong influence?
Would a deity be a conscious being, a complex invisible cognition, or would it be an unconscious, passive force of unstopping creation existing outside the universe, as Lao-tzu suggested?
Remember: keep an open mind. Be willing to accept, or at least recognize any valid, justified argument, and do not attack any belief. This is meant to be a friendly philosophical discussion, not an argument. If you are very attached to and emotional about your personal beliefs, it is probably best not to join in.